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Diplomacy V.M. Molotov during the Second World War-the Great Patriotic War

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Diplomacy V.M. Molotov during the Second World War

"Every warrior should understand his maneuver".

A.Souvorov

Molotov V.M

In May 1939 Stalin entrusted Molotov to deal with international affairs. By that time he has already known that mutual assistance treaties with France and Czechoslovakia were inefficient. Molotov became the Foreign Commissar after M.M. Litvinov, started bringing to live a new pro-German foreign politics. Concurrently he was the head of the Council of People's Commissars. Only in May, 1941 he passed this post to Stalin.

Stalin trapped Molotov several times. For example, in June 1937 Politbureau received the testimonies against "old communist" Grigory Lomov. Stalin did not announce his decision, but asked Molotov what to do. Viacheslav Michailovich wrote without hesitation: "I' m for immediate arrest of this rascal Lomov". In the 70ths he wrote : "1937 was very important. The enemies rested in different fields. I justify the repressions, though there were grave mistakes".

Soviet diplomats become more demanding with their English and French colleagues after Molotov's becoming a Foreign Commissar . He inspired them by his own example. The ties with German leaders tightened simultaneously. Finally the Non-Aggression Pact with the Secret protocol was signed on the 23 of August 1939.

Understandable desire to avoid the approaching war in negative circumstances made the Soviet Union to come to terms with Hitler. For some period of time the term "fascism" disappeared from Stalin's and Molotov's political vocabulary right after the Non-Aggression Pact was signed. In October 1939 on the special Session of Supreme Soviet Molotov said, that Germany intended to keep peace, and blamed Great Britain and France for the ongoing war. Molotov announced that the war against fascism was wrongful. Soviet people were disorientated and did not understand, when and where from the danger might come.

Soviet foreign politics was a chain of victories before war. The border states were consumed one by one by the soviet colossi. Then Molotov and Stalin were going to organize "east front" from the Baltic to the Black Sea to oppose Hitler's aggression. According to their opinion, the danger had to be stopped on the borders, at the longest distance from vital centers. This concept in the late 30th-early 40th was wrong : the history did not present any time to strengthen the new boundaries and to the rearmament of Red Army. Nevertheless according to the Secret protocol dd 23 August 1939 Soviet Union got large territories in Karelia, Eastern Europe.

In November 1940 Molov arrived in Berlin to learn the intentions of the German government. He guided the negotiation with Hitler and latter called him unpleasant person. Hitler invited soviet leaders to decide how to divide the British colonies. No agreement was reached on this question, but Viacheslav Michailovich returned to Moscow in the assurance, that the German will be afraid to start war with Soviet Union before Great Britain was defeated, and that Germany would not break peace. He transferred his persuasion to Stalin, and since that time nobody was allowed to express another opinion. G.K. Zhukov remembered, that in February 1941 Molotov interrupted his report with the words: "Do you really think we'll have to fight with German soon"?

When the war with Germany began, Molotov remained calm. That was why he, but not Stalin, at 12 o'clock of the 22d of July 1941 announced about the tragedy. Over the radio he said the words, that became prophetic: 'We are right. The victory will be ours". Even in such a tragic moment he did not omit, that he was talking on behalf of the head of soviet government Stalin.

At the beginning of the Great Patriotic War V.M. Molotov was appointed the deputy head of the Defense Committee. The work in the military assault and the state of emergency suited his character. He accomplished the task to look for the tank production successfully.

As the Foreign Commissar Molotov made a lot of efforts to form and strengthen anti-fascist coalition. Below are the main landmarks. In May-June 1941, after the visits to Great Britain an France, the allied treaties were signed with these countries. He participated a lot in Moscow conference of the foreign ministers (October 1943), Teheran Conference ( November-December 1943), Yalta Conference (February 1945), Potsdam Conference (July-August 1945). W. Churchill who got acquainted with Molotov in these times, said about him: 'I have never seen a person, who can be more reasonably called an automat as we understand this term. And he was surely very smart and polished diplomat. His smile, his wise words, his polite manners made him the ideal spokesman of soviet politics in the extremely dangerous situation".

In spite of usual politeness, Molotov could hurt his companion with a striking word. In November 1940 he met with German politicians in Berlin. Suddenly the air alert mode the collocutors go to the air-raid shelter. Joachim Ribbentrop told him, that the British Empire was on the verge of collapse. Molotov replied sarcastically: " If England is on the verge of collapse, why are we sitting in the air-raid shelter? Whose bombs are falling so we can hear the explosions even here"?

Winston Churchill, who communicated a lot with Molotov during the war period wrote about him: "His cannon ball-like head, black mustache, stone face, clear speech and equanimity reflected his dignity and skill. His smile of a Siberian winter, his balanced and often wise words, his curtsy made him a perfect weapon of the soviet politics in this death-breathing word. Being old, I'm happy I did not experienced the tension he experience-otherwise I'd preferred not to be born".

Molotov worked in tough regime. Only once he let himself being sentimental in public. It happened in May 1942 in London, right after the signing of the allied treaty. Viacheslav Michailovich was happy to change the course of soviet foreign policy, as the memory of fatal flow tortured him. Prime Minister saw him of to the garden gate of the house on Dawning Street. Churchill described their goodbye as following: "I shake his hand and we looked in each others eyes. He suddenly seemed deeply touched. I saw a man under the mask. He gave me strong shake-hands and we stood, shaking hands". In all the other cases, according to the coevals witnesses, Molotov was cool-hearted, very reserved and officially correct.

Molotov played a great role in the organization of after-war world, in signing peace treaties, in solving a question of reparations. His voice sounded on the General Assembles of The UNO. "As a Foreign Minister (after 1946 Foreign Commissar was renamed) I tried my best to widen the borders of out motherhood.I extract peace treaties from the states",-wrote Molotov.

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